In 2013, Asian and white males had the lowest rates of placement in juvenile detention (49 and 162 per 100,000 population, respectively). Hispanic males had a rate of 296 per 100,000, followed by American Indian males at 496, and black males at 804 per 100,000).
As in the case of males, female black and American Indian adolescents had the highest rates of placement in residential detention (113 and 167 per 100,000, respectively, in 2013). White females were also less likely to be in residential placement (35 per 100,000 in 2013) than were Hispanic females (45 per 100,000). Asian females were the least likely to be in residential placement, with a rate of 8 per 100,000.
Rates of residential placement for Hispanic, Asian, and black adolescents have been decreasing since 1997, while rates for white adolescents began to decline in 2001. (Figure 1) For American Indian adolescents, rates increased from 1997 to 2001, then declined through 2013, with the exception of a small uptick in 2006. (Appendix 1)